The art of creating coveted Cuban cigar boxes

Using a Soviet-era planer, Rene Reyes smoothes the panel of an old cedar door that he will transform into a humidor — an ornate, handmade box used to preserve Cuba’s famous cigars.

In a corner of the workshop lies a hodge-podge of discarded wooden beams, doors, and furniture, all used to make the cigar boxes, which can sell for thousands of dollars and are prized by wealthy business people, rock stars, and presidents.

“People don’t believe that… these humidors come from there,” says Reyes, pointing to the pile of raw materials.

The artisan is working on the replica of a modest humidor owned by American writer Ernest Hemingway, the original of which is displayed at his former home in eastern Havana, which is now a museum.

As he brushes the door panel, which he says is over 80 years old, the warm and sweet aroma of old cedar fills the workshop.

“The smell of cedar is the best. It is as if it were gold, old gold,” Reyes gushes as he brings his hands full of sawdust to his nose.

Reyes works for businesswoman Tania Duyos, who has spent two decades designing the boxes that keep cigars at the perfect humidity of around 65 or 70 percent and a temperature of 16 to 18 degrees Celsius.

She boasts celebrity clients such as former US president Jimmy Carter, the late footballer Diego Maradona, and Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger.

Duyos says she also gifted one of her cigar boxes to another former US president, Barack Obama, during his historic 2016 visit to the island, and that he wrote her a thank you letter.

– ‘Working wonders’ –
Cuban cigars are one of the island’s most famous exports and are considered among the finest in the world. Dozens of humidor workshops can be found across the country.

Experts say a good humidor can preserve the quality of a cigar for up to 15 years, and even improve it.

Cuban artisans use several types of wood, such as mahogany or ebony, but tradition dictates that the interior must be made from old cedar.

“Cedar is very favorable” because “it protects the tobacco from bacteria and provides it with the humidity,” necessary for its conservation, explains Duyos. If kept in the wrong environment, even the best cigar loses its quality.

With carved, embossed, or painted designs, some of the chests are true works of art and are coveted by collectors.

While some are sold for eye-watering prices, more modest versions are also available on the local market.

Every year, the Habano Festival — dedicated to cigar enthusiasts — closes with a humidor auction.

In February, the auction of six cigar boxes raised a record $11.9 million.

The star of the show was an exquisite, circular piece, one meter deep, made of precious woods, with titanium and bronze touches.

Containing 500 of the best Cohiba cigars — the most prestigious from the island — it sold for $4.4 million.

Duyos admits that in Cuba, which has been under American sanctions for over half a century and gripped by the worst economic crisis in 30 years, you need to adapt to shortages of glue, sealants, varnish, sandpaper or tools.

“We practically work wonders with nothing,” said Reyes. “The secret is the love” of the job.